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Soil Fertility and Management

Information on soil fertility and management of forage crops, including quality assessment and conditions such as crusting, compaction and rill erosion. Tips on phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen, crop rotation, no-till crops and nutrient planning.
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Nitrogen Recommendations for Corn that Credit Cover Crops and Soil Organic Matter
Nitrogen Recommendations for Corn that Credit Cover Crops and Soil Organic Matter - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps
This tool allows you to make a prediction for how much nitrogen (N) fertilizer is needed for a corn crop based on credits that are given to soil organic matter and cover crop residues. More
Photo Credit: Leon Ressler
PA Agronomic Education Society Conference is Next Week - News News
There is still time to register for the PA Agronomic Education Conference! Dates are Thursday, January 16th (8AM to 5PM) and Friday, January 17th (7:30AM to 2PM). More
Registration is Open for the PA Agronomic Education Conference
Registration is Open for the PA Agronomic Education Conference - News News
2020 is quickly approaching and so is a great opportunity to earn continuing education credits at the annual PA Agronomic Education Society Conference! More
Forage Management Workshop
Forage Management Workshop - Workshops Workshops

Forage Management Workshop

02/18/2020

Butler, PA

$5.00
Join us for this short course on basic forage management! More
Sacrifice pastures allow livestock to be confined to one area of the farm during winter feeding to help to reduce pasture damage to all other pastures on the operation. (Credit: Jessica Williamson)
Reducing Pasture Damage During Winter Feeding - Articles Articles

Reducing Pasture Damage During Winter Feeding

乐动体育注册 Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

Winter feeding can cause severe pasture degradation. Taking action to prevent as much damage as possible can help reduce erosion and encourage forage regrowth in the spring. More
Poultry litter delivered to an improved stacking pad. Photo: Hanna Wells, Penn State
The Do’s and Don’ts of Importing Manure - Articles Articles

The Do’s and Don’ts of Importing Manure

Charles White, Robert Meinen

Importing manure can be an economical source of nutrients and organic matter inputs, but there are some things to consider when doing so. More
A soil probe and bucket make soil testing much easier and sampling more uniform. Photo Credit: Justin Brackenrich, Penn State Extension.
Interpreting Your Soil Test Reports - Articles Articles

Interpreting Your Soil Test Reports

Justin Brackenrich, Rachel Milliron

After you send in your soil sample to the lab you wait patiently for your test results, but when they arrive do you know what it all means? More
Figure 1. Maize kernels at approximately 1 Corn /3 milk line. stalk nitrate samples can be collected anytime between ¼ milk line stage and 3 weeks after the black layer forms (Photo credit: Charlie White)
Corn Stalk Nitrate Testing Can Help Assess This Year’s Nitrogen Management Decisions - News News
In a wet year like 2019, there are many questions about how nitrogen fertility programs held up. More
Rotating livestock frequently can help reduce pasture damage during wet seasons.
Preventing Pasture Damage During Prolonged Periods of Wet Weather - Articles Articles
Managing pastures during extended wet periods and after heavy rains can be a challenge. Steps to prevent further damage and repair existing damage are presented in the article. More
Immobilization and Mineralization of Nitrogen in Agricultural Soils
Immobilization and Mineralization of Nitrogen in Agricultural Soils - Videos Videos
Nitrogen availability in soils is controlled by a process called the nitrogen cycle. This video explores two pieces of the cycle - immobilization and mineralization. More
Hoof damage to a wet pasture in the spring. Photo: Sjoerd Duiker
Grazing Management to Avoid Soil Compaction - Articles Articles

Grazing Management to Avoid Soil Compaction

乐动体育注册 Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

During the spring when regular precipitation keeps soils moist it is important to monitor your grazing to avoid causing soil compaction that can reduce the productivity and environmental function of your fields. More
Early spring regrowth in a grass hayfield. Image Credit: C. Guindon
Spring Fertility Management in Grass Forages - Articles Articles
Early spring is the time to make the most of the flush of growth from our cool-season pastures and hayfields. More
Compared to some other forages, tall fescue tolerates lower soil pH and more frequent harvesting; however, it matures later and may not persist quite as long. Photo: Jessica Williamson, Penn State University
Selecting the Correct Forage Species - Articles Articles

Selecting the Correct Forage Species

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

Selecting the correct forage species to fit your operational goals is crucial in forage stand life longevity and optimizing yield. More
Soil bacteria isolated from the Russell E. Larson Agricultural Research Center at Penn State, Rock Springs, PA. Photo credit: Caylon Yates, Penn State Microbiome Manipulation Lab
Microbial Inoculants for Agricultural Soils – Potential and Challenges - Articles Articles
Researchers from the Penn State Microbiome Manipulation Lab are interested in the effects of plant-associated microbiomes on crop productivity. More
Repairing ephemeral gullies is a responsibility of farmers. Make sure that they don’t re-appear by increasing infiltration in the entire field, and by stabilizing the area that is currently a gully. Photo: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State University
Protecting Your Fields From More of the Same - News News
After last year’s gully washers some farmers are digging up soil from bottomlands to fill in the washed-out soil. But is care taken to avoid this from happening again? More
Crop Scouting Field Guide Available
Crop Scouting Field Guide Available - News News
Check out this handy field guide that includes most of the major agronomic crops grown in Pennsylvania. More
Maximizing Spring Green-Up on Pasture
Maximizing Spring Green-Up on Pasture - Videos Videos

Maximizing Spring Green-Up on Pasture

Nicole Santangelo

3:29

Pasture Management is a year-round activity. Getting the most forage from our pastures requires attention to spring green-up. More
The Penn State Agronomy Guide
The Penn State Agronomy Guide - Guides and Publications Guides and Publications

From: $15.00

To: $45.00

The Agronomy Guide provides comprehensive information on crop, soil, and pest management for farms of all sizes. More
Figure 1. Cool-season perennials are the mainstay of pastured dairies in the Northeast. Credit: Sjoerd Duiker
No-Till Annuals to Beat the Summer Slump on a Dairy Farm - Articles Articles

No-Till Annuals to Beat the Summer Slump on a Dairy Farm

乐动体育注册 Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Dave Wilson, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

This case study demonstrates how a grazing dairy farmer in southeastern Pennsylvania beats the summer slump with cool- and warm-season annuals established with no-till practices. More
Posts between the oat and annual strip create a fence between strips that are grazed and strips with grain crops. Photo by Sjoerd Duiker
Integrating Grazing in No-Till Systems on a Grain Farm - Articles Articles

Integrating Grazing in No-Till Systems on a Grain Farm

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

The adoption of no-tillage systems in Pennsylvania creates opportunities to graze after harvest. This case study examines the integration of grazing and no-tillage on a grain farm. More
Figure 1: Well-managed perennial pasture can be a highly sustainable form of land use. Photo by Sjoerd Duiker
Plant Diversity to Extend the Grazing Season - Articles Articles

Plant Diversity to Extend the Grazing Season

乐动体育注册 Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This case study shows how a farmer in northwestern Pennsylvania is using annuals and perennials to expand his grazing season while managing for reduced inputs and improved soil health through integration of grazing and no-tillage. More
Soil Sampling
Soil Sampling - Videos Videos

Soil Sampling

Rachel Milliron

5:02

In this video, learn how to take representative soil samples in agronomic fields. More
Fall Forage Management
Fall Forage Management - Articles Articles

Fall Forage Management

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

When it comes to managing forages in the fall, there are many factors that should be considered. More
Soil compaction threat during silage harvest is high this year. Image Credit: Mark Madden
Soil Compaction Threat is High - News News

Soil Compaction Threat is High

09/12/2018

After another prolonged period of rainfall, the soils across most of the commonwealth are again saturated. More
Funding is Available to Develop Soil Conservation and Nutrient Management Plans
Funding is Available to Develop Soil Conservation and Nutrient Management Plans - News News
Funding is now available to farmers to have soil conservation and nutrient management plans written. More
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